Governing or misgoverning natural resources? The centrality of politics and institutions in minerals extraction and the outcomes on sustainable development in Ghana
|Directeur /trice||Prof. Stéphane Nahrath|
|Résumé de la thèse||
Natural resources if well harnessed and managed can finance rapid and sustained economic growth and development of countries. Yet, too often resource-rich countries particularly those in Africa face a paradox, where instead of fuelling growth and development, natural resources bring regressive growth, poverty, rent-seeking, environmental degradation, and conflicts. This phenomenon is known as the “resource curse” or “paradox of plenty”. Ghana is endowed with enormous gold, bauxite, manganese, diamond, and oil and gas deposits. For over two decades, mining has contributed hugely to social and economic development in terms of export revenues and taxes. But mining also brings increased negative impacts on the economy, environment, and livelihoods of communities close to mining activities. Mining communities remain poor and at the same time suffer from water, noise and air pollution, and the little rents generated from mining are also mismanaged by both national and sub-national state institutions. The whole activities of Ghana's gold mining are regulated by property rights systems, public policies, institutions and politics (i.e. structure of power). My research thus investigates property rights systems, public policies, and power relations within the various political decision processes, which greatly explain the resource curse thesis.
|Délai administratif de soutenance de thèse|